Who Invented Ethics?

What are the 12 virtues?

Aristotle’s 12 virtues: Courage – bravery.

Temperance – moderation.

Liberality – spending.

Magnificence – charisma, style.

Magnanimity – generosity.

Ambition – pride.

Patience – temper, calm.

Friendliness – social IQ.More items…•.

What are Aristotle’s virtues?

What are Aristotle’s virtues?Courage: The midpoint between cowardice and recklessness. … Temperance: The virtue between overindulgence and insensitivity. … Liberality: The virtue of charity, this is the golden mean between miserliness and giving more than you can afford.Magnificence: The virtue of living extravagantly.More items…•

Who defined ethics?

As bioethicist Larry Churchill has written: “Ethics, understood as the capacity to think critically about moral values and direct our actions in terms of such values, is a generic human capacity.” Ethics can also be used to describe a particular person’s own idiosyncratic principles or habits.

What is the origin of ethics?

The term ethics is derived from the Greek word ethikos which itself is derived from the Greek word ethos, meaning custom or character. In philosophy, ethical behavior is that which is “good.”

What are the 3 types of ethics?

The three schools are virtue ethics, consequentialist ethics, and deontological or duty-based ethics.

What are the 7 principles of ethics?

There are seven principles that form the content grounds of our teaching framework:Non-maleficence. … Beneficence. … Health maximisation. … Efficiency. … Respect for autonomy. … Justice. … Proportionality.

What are the 7 virtues in the Bible?

The Seven Heavenly Virtues: Faith, Hope, Charity, Fortitude, Justice, Temperance, Prudence.

Who is the real father of philosophy?

Socrates of AthensSocrates of Athens (l. c. 470/469-399 BCE) is among the most famous figures in world history for his contributions to the development of ancient Greek philosophy which provided the foundation for all of Western Philosophy. He is, in fact, known as the “Father of Western Philosophy” for this reason.

Who was the founder of ethics?

The known history of pure ethics or ethics (moral) theories begin with ancient Greek philosophers (Sophists, Socrates, Socratic schools, Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, Stoics) and after recovered by early English positivists has been the main topic of discussions in the Medieval times in Europe.

Who is the father of modern ethics?

Immanuel KantThe German philosopher Immanuel Kant is the founder of deontological ethics. His ethics, which he mainly put forth in the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals (1785), Critique of Practical Reason (1788), and Metaphysics of Morals (1797), is one of the most prominent and highly respected theories in modernity.

Who is the father of virtue ethics?

In the West, virtue ethics’ founding fathers are Plato and Aristotle, and in the East it can be traced back to Mencius and Confucius.

What are modern ethics?

Modern ethics is only concerned with whether or not an individual act violates a specific ethical norm. For modern ethics, the moral task of life is to conform to a set of ethical rules. We can look at a simple example: eating a slice of cake. There is nothing wrong with this act.