Quick Answer: Should You Put Plastic Under Concrete?

Do you need gravel under concrete?

Whether you pour concrete for a walkway or patio, a strong gravel base is required to prevent the concrete from cracking and shifting.

Gravel is especially important in clay soil because it doesn’t drain well, which results in water pooling under the concrete slab and slowly eroding the soil as it finally drains..

Do you need rebar for 4 inch slab?

No, you do not need rebar for a 4-inch slab of concrete on grade. A 4-inch-thick slab cast on the ground and in permanent contact with it will float and rebar is not required. Rebar is recommended on concrete measuring 5 – 6 inches thick.

What do you put down before concrete?

Tip. To shore up the subsurface, sprinkle a thin layer of cement sand onto the gravel and dampen it with water. Do not leave any standing water and allow the dampened sand to dry for about an hour before pouring the concrete. Ground preparation is key to pouring sidewalk, driveway or any other concrete slab.

What kind of gravel goes under concrete?

“Six inches of well-graded gravel or crushed stone material properly compacted will give good results,” said Mark Conrardy, a sales engineer manager for Wacker Corp., Menomonee Falls, Wis. When properly compacted, both native soils or imported granular materials can provide good support.

How do you prepare the ground for a concrete garage floor?

Good ground preparation starts with removing the topsoil. Then, if the soil has not previously been “disturbed” (i.e., dug up), a four-inch layer (minimum) of gravel or stone should be added. (Soil that has been dug up before should be compacted.) The gravel or stone also needs to be compacted.

What is the primary purpose of the plastic membrane placed under a concrete slab on ground?

The main purpose of under-floor waterproofing membrane is to prevent rising damp from entering concrete or other floor surfaces. In addition it prevents contamination of concrete during the pouring process.

What is the best base for concrete?

The base course material, according to ACI 302, “Concrete Floor and Slab Construction,” should be “compactible, easy to trim, granular fill that will remain stable and support construction traffic.” ACI 302 recommends material with 10 to 30% fines (passing the No. 100 sieve) with no clay, silt, or organic materials.

Is sand a good base for concrete?

Pour concrete over a solid, well-drained base of sand or gravel over clay and other poorly draining soils to provide even support.

Can you pour concrete directly on dirt?

Long story short, yes you can pour concrete over dirt.

Do you need a vapor barrier under a concrete slab?

Water vapor will always move from a high relative humidity environment below the building into an area of low relative humidity – even through concrete. That’s why nearly every expert in the concrete industry recommends a below-slab vapor barrier to stop the vapor drive of water upward and into your building envelope.

Why do you put gravel down before pouring concrete?

Because concrete is a very porous material, it will absorb any moisture that it contacts. This can cause pooling. Without crushed stone, pooling water will settle under it and erode your slab. Adding a layer of crushed stone will add proper drainage, as well as create a barrier between your slab and the ground.

How do you install a vapor barrier on concrete?

Roll the moisture barrier onto the floor lengthwise. … Overlap the next row by 3 to 8 inches, depending on the manufacturer’s instructions.Seal the seams with a moisture-resistant tape all the way down the length of the row.Repeat these steps until the whole floor is covered.More items…

Can I pour my own concrete slab?

Pouring a concrete slab yourself can be a big money-saver or big mistake. We show you the best techniques and tools so you get concrete forms right the first time.

Is concrete a Vapour barrier?

Actually, no. Air barriers need to be continuous and free from holes, but vapor barriers do not need to be. Lots of vapor moves by air movement, not a heck of a lot of vapor moves by vapor diffusion. The concrete slab is the air barrier, and the ripped and torn and punctured polyethylene sheet is the vapor barrier.

What can I use for vapor barrier under concrete?

The most obvious best practice is to install a sub-slab vapor barrier in the first place. I recommend a minimum 10-mil-thick polyethylene material, even if your local building code allows a 6-mil, as it lasts longer and is less prone to punctures.

How many inches of gravel do you need for a concrete slab?

Construct the form with 2×4 or 2×6 lumber and secure in place by wood stakes and deck screws. Excavate the slab area to a depth of about 7 inches, allowing 3 inches for a gravel base and 4 inches for concrete.

What can I use for base under concrete?

Most concrete contractors want a mix of coarse and fine aggregate to create a compactable base that is going to be safe for settlement and drainage. Crusher run (a mix of crushed stone and stone dust) is one of the best base materials for concrete flatwork.

Why is my garage floor always wet?

There are a couple of reasons why your garage floor may be getting wet. The most common is condensation — AKA sweating garage floor. When relatively warm, moist air comes in contact with a very cool concrete slab, the cold temperature of the concrete will cause the air that comes in contact with it to cool.